FOODS TO AVOID FEEDING YOUR DOGS
Macadamia nuts, avocadosÖthese foods may sound delicious to you, but
are actually quite dangerous to our animal companions. Our ASPCA
nutrition experts have come up with a list of top 10 people foods
that you should not feed your pet. If ingestion of any of these
items should occur, please note the amount ingested and contact your
Chocolate, Coffee, Caffeine
products all contain substances called methylxanthines, which are
found in cacao seeds, the fruit of the plant used to make coffee and
in the nuts of an extract used in some sodas. When ingested by pets,
methylxanthines can cause vomiting and diarrhea, panting, excessive
thirst and urination, hyperactivity, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors,
seizures and even death. Note that darker chocolate is more
dangerous than milk chocolate. White chocolate has the lowest level
of methylxanthines, while baking chocolate contains the highest.
Alcoholic beverages and food products containing alcohol can cause
vomiting, diarrhea, decreased coordination, central nervous system
depression, difficulty breathing, tremors, abnormal blood acidity,
coma and even death.
leaves, fruit, seeds and bark of avocados contain Persin, which can
cause vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. Birds and rodents are
especially sensitive to avocado poisoning, and can develop
congestion, difficulty breathing and fluid accumulation around the
heart. Some ingestions may even be fatal.
Macadamia nuts are commonly used in many cookies and candies.
However, they can cause problems for your canine companion. These
nuts have caused weakness, depression, vomiting, tremors and
hyperthermia in dogs. Signs usually appear within 12 hours of
ingestion and last approximately 12 to 48 hours.
Grapes & Raisins
Although the toxic substance within grapes and raisins is unknown,
these fruits can cause kidney failure. In pets who already have
certain health problems, signs may be more dramatic.
Yeast dough can rise and cause gas to accumulate in your petís
digestive system. This can be painful and can cause the stomach or
intestines to rupture. Because the risk diminishes after the dough
is cooked and the yeast has fully risen, pets can have small bits of
bread as treats. However, these treats should not constitute more
than 5 percent to 10 percent of your petís daily caloric intake.
Raw/Undercooked Meat, Eggs and Bones
Raw meat and raw eggs can contain bacteria such as Salmonella [ital]
and E. coli [ital] that can be harmful to pets. In addition, raw
eggs contain an enzyme called avidin that decreases the absorption
of biotin (a B vitamin), which can lead to skin and coat problems.
Feeding your pet raw bones may seem like a natural and healthy
option that might occur if your pet lived in the wild. However, this
can be very dangerous for a domestic pet, who might choke on bones,
or sustain a grave injury should the bone splinter and become lodged
in or puncture your petís digestive tract.
is used as a sweetener in many products, including gum, candy, baked
goods and toothpaste. It can cause insulin release in most species,
which can lead to liver failure. The increase in insulin leads to
hypoglycemia (lowered sugar levels). Initial signs of toxicosis
include vomiting, lethargy and loss of coordination. Signs can
progress to recumbancy and seizures. Elevated liver enzymes and
liver failure can be seen within a few days.
Onions, Garlic, Chives
vegetables and herbs can cause gastrointestinal irritation and could
lead to red blood cell damage. Although cats are more susceptible,
dogs are also at risk if a large enough amount is consumed. Toxicity
is normally diagnosed through history, clinical signs and
microscopic confirmation of Heinz bodies. An occasional low dose,
such as what might be found in pet foods or treats, likely will not
cause a problem, but we recommend that you do NOT give your pets
large quantities of these foods.
Because pets do not possess significant amounts of lactase (the
enzyme that breaks down lactose in milk), milk and other milk-based
products cause them diarrhea or other digestive upset.